Supernova Ejecta Rates (SER)
This is not some long overly complicated discussion about nucleosynthesis during stellar collapse discussing compression during shockwaves. Look at the image above and fast as those velocities may seem, compared to the speed of light and interstellar distances are concerned they are slow. These velocities are examples and fairly average at that. Given the set of elements we find here on Earth and the fact we know they were created in supernova events means that they had to cross interstellar distances to get here. If you do the math on these averages what you will find is that materials like that, at those velocities and interstellar distances would take longer to cross those distances than the universe is old under the M1 definitions. Consequently there must be an issue somewhere because those elements are here. We use them in industry everyday. Some of them are probably in your cell phone right now. The question then becomes how to reconcile these various issues so that all the various concepts come into alignment.
Mode Shifting This Scenario
Obviously this will be a simple discussion for what ought to be obvious reasons. Because materials with higher atomic numbers are in fact on our planet and those same elements were formed through the supernova function means they traversed interstellar distances in order to have arrived here. There had to have been enough time to allow for that traversal. We hold that premise self evident because you can likely go out side and pick up a rock with some of that material in it and hold it in your hand right now. Iron oxides, silicon oxides, and higher elemental permutations forming all sorts of minerals. The original systems review could not fit those puzzle pieces together to build a cogent story using M1 nor M2. Things change however when we mode shift these scenarios through the utility process and framework and arrive at a treatise in alignment with the unified Universe.
Nucleosynthesis, fundamentally, is about action per unit area along the fusion interface with stellar cores and shock fronts during supernova stellar collapse. Those things don’t really change at what we might otherwise term ‘normally accepted levels’ (e.g. scale). Things like the constant ‘c’ mode shifting to Severance makes some equations interesting to study. Rapidity is redefined and that is interesting here, especially when we start looking at red and blue shifted ejecta. Many of the pertinent mode shifts occur cosmologically. The inflationary theory is dismantled. Black holes essentially become Graviton stars in much the same way Neutron stars form and for the same sorts of reasons. The density of lower ordered constructs have higher and higher action per unit areas. Black Holes are at the apex (I think) of that set of considerations. I suppose theoretically, there may be an MBP star comprised of nothing but pure MBPs but that would take some doing and it would have to be fully compliant with its intrinsic nature (which we are still studying). Alas, I digress. The point is the large Graviton fields are in evidence in the recent JWST images where gravity lensing is obvious.
What is difficult for most to understand and relate to is just how vast space is. This is important because we see all those stars and not the intervening materials floating out there. We don’t see that material for the same reason we don’t see the thousands upon thousands of satellites orbiting Earth. We look up at night and we see the stars, not those satellites. If you know where to look, have the right tools, you might be able to get a glint off one, but under normal conditions you don’t usually see them. Elon Musk’s StarLink satellites are a great example. He intends to add something like 12,000 in low Earth Orbit to provide internet coverage worldwide and that is a noble goal. We don’t see those satellites either. There is extensive materials between us and those stars. It came from billions of years worth of supernova events. That material is in all manner of permutations of sizes and elemental composition. Another interesting area of study is the differences between terrestrial mineralization processes and those that take place in the interstellar medium where superfluid temperatures are common. In fully compliant context of Elegant Reasonism mineralogy is the study of elemental combination permutations forming molecules – we don’t care where that transpires, but the circumstances of the scenarios are something we do care about. Pressure, temperatures, environment, and ‘in situ’ factors must all be integrated into ones thinking and mode shifted.
Focusing on the available time issue for a moment we begin to see some interesting developments. Under M1, the age of the universe is estimated to be about 13.7 billion years since the Big Bang. However, under that EIM, besides not being able to accomplish unification, we really do can not characterize why the Big Bang banged with any degree of confidence. We also can not explain why all the galaxies are accelerating away from one another. Some might offer a snap answer regarding the inflationary theory, but then they can not reconcile the Big Bang’s requirement for rapid expansion against the absence of infinite compression elimination from nature in context of black hole growth. Strategically at issue there is that one can not say infinite compression exists in nature if black holes grow, and they do grow. When we eliminate infinite compression in nature we have a different problem because it is the corollary of rapid expansion. If we eliminate the corollary we must eliminate its opposite as well. Down that path the inflationary theory unravels. When we mode shift these various factors from M1 to M5 what we find is a completely different set of patterns. Limitations on spacetime vanish because M5 does not employ that construct. The constant ‘c’ mode shifts to mean Severance but produces the same velocities locally. The age old concept of Rapidity mode shifts to mean velocity over Severance and governs cosmological velocities. Therein vindicating E.P. Hubble. With the inflationary theory gone, Hubble vindicated, and an array of WMAP details mode shifted also two things happen. The unified Universe gets unfathomably ancient in the extreme and we recognize that there is a great deal well beyond our particle horizon. All of which professionals will be eager to explore. Salient in this mode shifted insight is that when the unified Universe grows to that degree of age – quite suddenly all that supernova ejecta which did not have travel time to get from where it was produced to our little corner before suddenly does have time to make the trip. Given that that material is unquestionably here, we then have to rhetorically ask which scenario is the more likely; the M1 scenario or the M5 scenario?
The unified Universe is a wondrous vast expanse. We look forward to your mode shifted insights and witnessing throngs of people moving from the band wagon to the bus stop.
Why Does This Subject Matter?
One is the age of the unified Universe is unfathomably ancient in the extreme. One is the same issues that make it ancient also expand how big we think our little corner is. Yet another is our place in all of that, tends to make us an even smaller factor that we were beginning to suspect. Just look at the entanglement gradient to feel small. That aside, our article Proxima B points out the dangers of trying cross these voids unprotected. Occam’s Razor suggests we explore terrestrial examples for explanations rather than blame aliens.
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